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Vulnerability Countermeasure Information Database JVN iPedia Registration Status [2022 2nd Quarter (Apr. - Jun.)]

August 24, 2022
IT Security Center

1. 2022 2nd Quarter: Vulnerability Countermeasure Information Database JVN iPedia Registration Status

The vulnerability countermeasure information database JVN iPedia (https://jvndb.jvn.jp/en/) is endeavoring to become a comprehensive vulnerability database where vulnerability information is aggregated for easy access for IT users. JVN iPedia collects and/or translates the vulnerability information published by 1) domestic software developers, 2) JVN (*1), a vulnerability information portal run by JPCERT/CC and IPA, and 3) NVD (*2), a vulnerability database run by NIST (*3). JVN iPedia has been making vulnerability information available to the public since April 25, 2007.


1-1. Vulnerabilities Registered in 2022/2Q

~ JVN iPedia now stores 143,807 vulnerabilities ~

The summary of the vulnerability information registered to the Japanese version of JVN iPedia during the 2nd quarter of 2022 (April 1 to June 30, 2022) is shown in the table below. As of the end of June 2022, the total number of vulnerabilities stored in JVN iPedia is 143,807 (Table 1-1, Figure 1-1).

As for the JVN iPedia English version, the total number of vulnerabilities stored is 2,447 as shown in the lower half of the Table 1-1.


Table 1-1. Vulnerabilities Registered to JVN iPedia during 2nd Quarter of 2022
  Information Source Registered Cases Cumulative Cases
Japanese Version Domestic Product Developers 0 cases 264 cases
JVN 171 cases 11,331 cases
NVD 2,154 cases 132,212 cases
Total 2,325 cases 143,807 cases
English Version Domestic Product Developers 0 cases 259 cases
JVN 33 cases 2,188 cases
Total 33 cases 2,447 cases

2. Details on JVN iPedia Registered Data

2-1. Types of Vulnerabilities Reported

Figure 2-1 shows the number of vulnerabilities newly added to JVN iPedia during the 2nd quarter of 2022, sorted by the CWE vulnerability types.

The type of the vulnerabilities reported most in the 2nd quarter is CWE-79 (Cross-Site Scripting) with 285 cases, followed by CWE-787 (Out-of-bounds Write) with 103, CWE-89 (SQL Injection) with 91, CWE-416 (Use After Free) with 90, CWE-20 (Improper Input Validation) with 84. CWE-79 (Cross-site Scripting), the most reported vulnerability type in this quarter, could allow attackers to display false webpages and/or steal information.

Software developers need to make sure to mitigate vulnerability from the planning and design phase of software development. IPA provides tools and guidelines, such as "Vulnerability Countermeasure Guide for Software Developers"" (*4), "How to Secure Your Website" (*5), "Secure Programming Guide" (*6) and "AppGoat" (*7), a hands-on venerability learning tool, for website developers and operators to build secure websites.

2-2. Severity of Vulnerabilities Reported

Figure 2-2 shows the yearly change in the CVSSv2 rating scale based severity of vulnerabilities registered to JVN iPedia.

As for the vulnerabilities added to JVN iPedia in 2022, 19.2 percent are “Level III” (7.0 - 10.0), 64.0 percent are “Level ll” (4.0 – 6.9) and 16.8 percent are “Level I” (0.0 – 3.9). This means 83.2 percent of all vulnerabilities registered are Level II or higher, which are potentially critical enough to cause damage like information exposure or data falsification.

Figure 2-3 shows the yearly change in the CVSSv3 rating scale based severity of vulnerabilities registered to JVN iPedia.

As for the vulnerabilities added to JVN iPedia in 2022, 11.4 percent are “Critical” (9.0 – 10.0), 42.5 percent are “High” (7.0 – 8.9), 43.4 percent are “Medium” (4.0 – 6.9) and 2.7 percent are “Low” (0.1 – 3.9).

To avoid threats posed by the known vulnerabilities, both product developers and IT users should pay close attention to vulnerability disclosure and update software they use to a fixed version or apply a security patch as soon as possible when they become available. IT users can check vulnerabilities newly published on JVN iPedia in RSS and XML format (*8) as well.

2-3. Types of Software Reported with Vulnerability

Figure 2-4 shows the yearly change in the type of software reported with vulnerability. Application vulnerabilities have been published most, accounting for 76.1 percent (4,644 out of 6,105) of the 2022 total.

Figure 2-5 shows the yearly change in the number of JVN iPedia-stored vulnerabilities in industrial control systems (ICS) used in critical infrastructure sectors. As of June 2022, the total of 3,543 ICS vulnerabilities have been registered.

2-4. Products Reported with Vulnerability

Table 2-1 lists the top 20 software whose vulnerabilities were most registered to JVN iPedia during the 2nd quarter (April to June) of 2022.

In this quarter, the most registered products were Qualcomm products which continued from previous quarter, with 230 cases. This is due to the registration of vulnerability information for multiple Qualcomm products which was published in 2021. In addition, Microsoft Windows products ranked from 2nd to 12th.

Besides those in the top 20 list, JVN iPedia stores and offers vulnerability information about a variety of software. IPA hopes software developers and users will make good use of JVN iPedia to efficiently check vulnerability information and take necessary action in a timely manner (*9).


Table 2-1. Top 20 most registered software products vulnerability countermeasure information in JVN iPedia [Apr. – Jun. 2022]
RankCategoryProduct Name (Vendor) Number of
Vulnerabilities
Registered
1 Firmware Qualcomm component (Qualcomm) 230
2 OS Microsoft Windows Server (Microsoft) 180
3 OS Microsoft Windows Server 2022 (Microsoft) 179
4 OS Microsoft Windows Server 2019 (Microsoft) 176
5 OS Microsoft Windows Server 2016 (Microsoft) 163
6 OS Microsoft Windows 10 (Microsoft) 142
7 OS Microsoft Windows 11 (Microsoft) 136
8 OS Microsoft Windows Server 2012 (Microsoft) 131
9 OS Microsoft Windows 8.1 (Microsoft) 104
10 OS Microsoft Windows RT 8.1 (Microsoft) 102
11 OS Microsoft Windows Server 2008 (Microsoft) 96
12 OS Microsoft Windows 7 (Microsoft) 85
13 PDF Viewer/Editor Adobe Acrobat DC (Adobe Systems) 78
13 PDF Viewer Adobe Acrobat Reader DC (Adobe Systems) 78
15 PDF Viewer/Editor Adobe Acrobat (Adobe Systems) 71
16 OS Fedora (Fedora Project) 65
17 Others Google TensorFlow (Google) 58
18 OS Debian GNU/Linux (Debian) 51
19 Others Teamcenter Visualization (Siemens) 45
19 Others JT2Go (Siemens) 45

3. Most Accessed Vulnerability Countermeasure Information

Table 3-1 lists the top 20 most accessed vulnerability countermeasure information in JVN iPedia during the 2nd quarter of 2022 (April to June).

In this quarter, vulnerability countermeasure information of Spring Framework, which was published on March 31, 2022 and attracted much attention under the name Spring4Shell, ranked first.

In addition, 19 of the top 20 were those published on JVN, a vulnerability countermeasure information portal site.


Table 3-1. Top 20 Most Accessed Vulnerability Countermeasure Information in JVN iPedia [Apr. – Jun. 2022]
NoIDTitleCVSSv2
Base
Score
CVSSv3
Base
Score
Date
Public
Access
Count
1 JVNDB-2022-001498 Arbitrary code execution vulnerability in Spring Framework due to improper data binding process (in Japanese only) - - 2022/4/5 9,671
2 JVNDB-2022-000030 Multiple vulnerabilities in Operation management interface of FUJITSU Network IPCOM 10.0 9.8 2022/5/9 8,870
3 JVNDB-2022-000023 WordPress Plugin "Advanced Custom Fields" vulnerable to missing authorization 4.0 6.5 2022/3/30 7,785
4 JVNDB-2022-001494 Trend Micro Apex Central and Trend Micro Apex Central as a Service vulnerable to improper check for file contents - 8.6 2022/3/30 6,864
5 JVNDB-2022-000024 Zero-channel BBS Plus vulnerable to cross-site scripting 4.3 6.1 2022/3/30 6,816
6 JVNDB-2022-000022 AttacheCase may insecurely load Dynamic Link Libraries 6.8 7.8 2022/3/30 6,781
7 JVNDB-2022-001526 Trend Micro Antivirus for Mac vulnerable to privilege escalation - - 2022/4/7 6,443
8 JVNDB-2022-000027 Hammock AssetView missing authentication for critical functions 9.3 9.0 2022/4/22 6,104
9 JVNDB-2022-001479 Apache HTTP Server vulnerable to HTTP Request Smuggling (in Japanese only) 7.5 9.8 2022/3/23 6,074
10 JVNDB-2022-000026 WordPress Plugin "MicroPayments - Paid Author Subscriptions, Content, Downloads, Membership" vulnerable to cross-site request forgery 2.6 4.3 2022/4/15 6,072
11 JVNDB-2022-000021 Multiple vulnerabilities in KINGSOFT "WPS Office" and "KINGSOFT Internet Security" 6.8 8.8 2022/3/16 5,447
12 JVNDB-2022-001477 Netcommunity OG410X and OG810X VoIP gateway/Hikari VoIP adapter for business offices vulnerable to OS command injection - 8.0 2022/3/23 5,274
13 JVNDB-2021-000097 Multiple vulnerabilities in CLUSTERPRO X and EXPRESSCLUSTER X 10.0 9.8 2021/10/29 5,248
14 JVNDB-2022-000020 Multiple vulnerabilities in pfSense 9.0 7.2 2022/3/15 5,100
15 JVNDB-2021-004912 Multiple vulnerabilities in multiple ELECOM routers - 8.8 2021/12/2 4,965
16 JVNDB-2014-007972 OpenKM vulnerable to cross-site scripting (in Japanese only) 3.5 - 2015/3/13 4,924
17 JVNDB-2022-000008 i-FILTER vulnerable to improper check for certificate revocation 4.0 4.8 2022/3/4 4,805
18 JVNDB-2022-001384 Multiple vulnerabilities in OMRON CX-Programmer - 7.8 2022/3/7 4,626
19 JVNDB-2022-000016 UNIVERGE WA Series vulnerable to OS command injection 5.8 8.8 2022/3/10 4,507
20 JVNDB-2022-000014 Multiple vulnerabilities in a-blog cms 6.8 5.6 2022/2/18 4,488

Table 3-2 lists the top 5 most accessed vulnerability information among those reported by domestic product developers.


Table 3-2. Top 5 Most Accessed Vulnerabilities Reported by Domestic Product Developers [Apr. - Jun. 2022]
NoIDTitleCVSSv2
Base
Score
CVSSv3
Base
Score
Date
Public
Access
Count
1 JVNDB-2022-001382 File Permission Vulnerability in Hitachi Command Suite - - 2022/3/7 4,441
2 JVNDB-2022-001383 Directory Permission Vulnerability in Hitachi Ops Center Viewpoint - - 2022/3/7 4,394
3 JVNDB-2022-001299 Cross-site Scripting Vulnerability in JP1/IT Desktop Management 2 - - 2022/2/8 4,310
4 JVNDB-2021-003660 Authentication Bypass Vulnerability in Hitachi Device Manager - - 2021/11/1 4,225
5 JVNDB-2021-002810 Information Disclosure Vulnerability in Hitachi Tuning Manager, Hitachi Infrastructure Analytics Advisor and Hitachi Ops Center Analyzer - - 2021/10/5 4,204

Note 1) Color Code for CVSSv2 Severity Rating Scale

CVSS Base Score = 0.0~3.9
Severity = Level I (Low)
CVSS Base Score = 4.0~6.9
Severity = Level II (Medium)
CVSS Base Score = 7.0~10.0
Severity = Level III (High)

Note 2) Color Code for CVSSv3 Severity Rating Scale

CVSS Base Score =
0.1~3.9
Severity = Low
CVSS Base Score =
4.0~6.9
Severity = Medium
CVSS Base Score =
7.0~8.9
Severity = High
CVSS Base Score =
9.0~10.0
Severity = Critical

Note 3) Color Code for Published Date

Published in 2020 or before Published in 2021 Published in 2022

Footnotes

(*1) Japan Vulnerability Notes: A portal for vulnerability countermeasure information including information on vendor response to the reported vulnerabilities and security support. Operated in the collaboration of IPA and JPCERT/CC.
https://jvn.jp/en/

(*2) National Vulnerability Database: A vulnerability database operated by NIST.
https://nvd.nist.gov/home.cfm

(*3) National Institute of Standards and Technology: A U.S federal agency that develops and promotes measurement, standards and technology.
https://www.nist.gov/

(*4) Vulnerability Countermeasure Guide for Software Developers
https://www.ipa.go.jp/security/vuln/report/notice/guideforvendor.html (in Japanese only )

(*5) How to Secure Your Websites
https://www.ipa.go.jp/security/vuln/websecurity.html (latest version in Japanese only )

(*6) Secure Programming Guide
https://www.ipa.go.jp/security/awareness/vendor/programming/ (in Japanese only)

(*7) AppGoat
https://www.ipa.go.jp/security/vuln/appgoat/ (in Japanese only)

(*8) IPA Data Feeds
https://jvndb.jvn.jp/ja/feed/ (in Japanese only)

(*9) IPA Technical Watch - Daily Practice Guide: Tips on Vulnerability Management
The guide gives tips on how to efficiently and efficiently collect and leverage vulnerability information.
https://www.ipa.go.jp/security/technicalwatch/20150331.html (in Japanese only)

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Contact

IT Security Center,
Information-technology Promotion Agency, Japan (ISEC/IPA)