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Vulnerability Countermeasure Information Database JVN iPedia Registration Status [2022 1st Quarter (Jan. - Mar.)]

May 25, 2022
IT Security Center

1. 2022 1st Quarter: Vulnerability Countermeasure Information Database JVN iPedia Registration Status

The vulnerability countermeasure information database JVN iPedia (https://jvndb.jvn.jp/en/) is endeavoring to become a comprehensive vulnerability database where vulnerability information is aggregated for easy access for IT users. JVN iPedia collects and/or translates the vulnerability information published by 1) domestic software developers, 2) JVN (*1), a vulnerability information portal run by JPCERT/CC and IPA, and 3) NVD (*2), a vulnerability database run by NIST (*3). JVN iPedia has been making vulnerability information available to the public since April 25, 2007.


1-1. Vulnerabilities Registered in 2022/1Q

~ JVN iPedia now stores 141,482 vulnerabilities ~

The summary of the vulnerability information registered to the Japanese version of JVN iPedia during the 1st quarter of 2022 (January 1 to March 31, 2022) is shown in the table below. As of the end of March 2022, the total number of vulnerabilities stored in JVN iPedia is 141,482 (Table 1-1, Figure 1-1).

As for the JVN iPedia English version, the total number of vulnerabilities stored is 2,414 as shown in the lower half of the Table 1-1.


Table 1-1. Vulnerabilities Registered to JVN iPedia during 1st Quarter of 2022
  Information Source Registered Cases Cumulative Cases
Japanese Version Domestic Product Developers 3 cases 264 cases
JVN 289 cases 11,135 cases
NVD 3,488 cases 130,083 cases
Total 3,780 cases 141,482 cases
English Version Domestic Product Developers 3 cases 259 cases
JVN 36 cases 2,155 cases
Total 39 cases 2,414 cases

2. Details on JVN iPedia Registered Data

2-1. Types of Vulnerabilities Reported

Figure 2-1 shows the number of vulnerabilities newly added to JVN iPedia during the 1st quarter of 2022, sorted by the CWE vulnerability types.

The type of the vulnerabilities reported most in the 1st quarter is CWE-79 (Cross-site Scripting) with 443 cases, followed by CWE-787 (Out-of-bounds Write) with 271, CWE-269 (Improper Privilege Management) with 161, CWE-20 (Improper Input Validation) with 130, CWE-416 (Use After Free) with 118. CWE-79 (Cross-site Scripting), the most reported vulnerability type in this quarter, could allow attackers to display false webpages and/or steal information.

Software developers need to make sure to mitigate vulnerability from the planning and design phase of software development. IPA provides tools and guidelines, such as "Vulnerability Countermeasure Guide for Software Developers"" (*4), "How to Secure Your Website" (*5), "Secure Programming Guide" (*6) and "AppGoat" (*7), a hands-on venerability learning tool, for website developers and operators to build secure websites.

2-2. Severity of Vulnerabilities Reported

Figure 2-2 shows the yearly change in the CVSSv2 rating scale based severity of vulnerabilities registered to JVN iPedia.

As for the vulnerabilities added to JVN iPedia in 2022, 19.1 percent are “Level III” (7.0 - 10.0), 63.8 percent are “Level ll” (4.0 – 6.9) and 17.1 percent are “Level I” (0.0 – 3.9). This means 82.9 percent of all vulnerabilities registered are Level II or higher, which are potentially critical enough to cause damage like information exposure or data falsification.

Figure 2-3 shows the yearly change in the CVSSv3 rating scale based severity of vulnerabilities registered to JVN iPedia.

As for the vulnerabilities added to JVN iPedia in 2022, 11.5 percent are “Critical” (9.0 – 10.0), 42.3 percent are “High” (7.0 – 8.9), 43.1 percent are “Medium” (4.0 – 6.9) and 3.2 percent are “Low” (0.1 – 3.9).

To avoid threats posed by the known vulnerabilities, both product developers and IT users should pay close attention to vulnerability disclosure and update software they use to a fixed version or apply a security patch as soon as possible when they become available. IT users can check vulnerabilities newly published on JVN iPedia in RSS and XML format (*8) as well.

2-3. Types of Software Reported with Vulnerability

Figure 2-4 shows the yearly change in the type of software reported with vulnerability. Application vulnerabilities have been published most, accounting for 76.6 percent (2,897 out of 3,780) of the 2022 total.

Figure 2-5 shows the yearly change in the number of JVN iPedia-stored vulnerabilities in industrial control systems (ICS) used in critical infrastructure sectors. As of March 2022, the total of 3,421 ICS vulnerabilities have been registered.

2-4. Products Reported with Vulnerability

Table 2-1 lists the top 20 software whose vulnerabilities were most registered to JVN iPedia during the 1st quarter (January to March) of 2022.

In this quarter, the most registered products were Qualcomm products which continued from previous quarter, with 530 cases. This is due to the registration of vulnerability information for multiple Qualcomm products which published in 2021. In addition, OS products, such as Fedora and Microsoft Windows Products, account for 14 of the top 20.

Besides those in the top 20 list, JVN iPedia stores and offers vulnerability information about a variety of software. IPA hopes software developers and users will make good use of JVN iPedia to efficiently check vulnerability information and take necessary action in a timely manner (*9).


Table 2-1. Top 20 most registered software products vulnerability countermeasure information in JVN iPedia [Jan. – Mar. 2022]
RankCategoryProduct Name (Vendor) Number of
Vulnerabilities
Registered
1 Firmware Qualcomm component (Qualcomm) 530
2 OS Fedora (Fedora Project) 192
3 OS Debian GNU/Linux (Debian) 156
4 OS Microsoft Windows 10 (Microsoft) 136
5 OS Microsoft Windows Server 2019 (Microsoft) 130
5 OS Microsoft Windows Server (Microsoft) 130
7 OS Microsoft Windows Server 2022 (Microsoft) 127
8 OS Android (Google) 120
9 OS Microsoft Windows 11 (Microsoft) 112
10 Others Google TensorFlow (Google) 109
11 OS Microsoft Windows Server 2016 (Microsoft) 106
12 Others OnCommand Insight (NetApp) 99
13 OS Microsoft Windows Server 2012 (Microsoft) 90
14 OS Microsoft Windows 8.1 (Microsoft) 88
15 OS Microsoft Windows RT 8.1 (Microsoft) 83
16 Middleware MySQL (Oracle) 76
17 Others OnCommand Workflow Automation (NetApp) 73
18 OS Microsoft Windows 7 (Microsoft) 62
19 OS Microsoft Windows Server 2008 (Microsoft) 61
20 Browser Google Chrome (Google) 57

3. Most Accessed Vulnerability Countermeasure Information

Table 3-1 lists the top 20 most accessed vulnerability countermeasure information in JVN iPedia during the 1st quarter of 2022 (January to March).

In this quarter, vulnerability countermeasure information of Apache Log4j which was published in December 2021 and attracted so much attention, continued to receive many accesses into 2022, ranking second as it did in the previous quarter.

Vulnerability countermeasure information of Samba in the first ranking, and Vulnerability countermeasure information of WordPress in the third through seventh ranking were due to a lot of access which was considered mechanical from specific organizations.


Table 3-1. Top 20 Most Accessed Vulnerability Countermeasure Information in JVN iPedia [Jan. – Mar. 2022]
NoIDTitleCVSSv2
Base
Score
CVSSv3
Base
Score
Date
Public
Access
Count
1 JVNDB-2021-006687 Samba vulnerable to out-of-bounds read (in Japanese only) 4.9 6.8 2022/1/17 23,825
2 JVNDB-2021-005429 Apache Log4j vulnerable to remote code execution (in Japanese only) 9.3 10.0 2021/12/14 15,366
3 JVNDB-2020-006788 WordPress vulnerable to cross-site scripting (in Japanese only) 3.5 2.4 2020/7/17 10,057
4 JVNDB-2020-006830 WordPress vulnerable to cross-site scripting (in Japanese only) 3.5 5.4 2020/7/20 9,237
5 JVNDB-2020-006831 WordPress vulnerable to cross-site scripting (in Japanese only) 3.5 6.8 2020/7/20 8,372
6 JVNDB-2020-006832 WordPress vulnerable to URL redirection to untrusted site ('Open Redirect') (in Japanese only) 4.9 5.7 2020/7/20 7,916
7 JVNDB-2020-006893 WordPress vulnerable to authentication bypass using an alternate path or channel (in Japanese only) 6.0 3.1 2020/7/22 7,473
8 JVNDB-2021-008164 EDK II vulnerable to out-of-bounds write (in Japanese only) 4.6 6.7 2022/3/4 7,068
9 JVNDB-2021-000022 Multiple vulnerabilities in Cybozu Office 4.0 4.3 2021/3/15 6,497
10 JVNDB-2021-006117 Multiple vulnerabilities in IDEC PLCs - 7.6 2021/12/27 6,410
11 JVNDB-2021-000109 Multiple missing authorization vulnerabilities in WordPress Plugin "Advanced Custom Fields" 4.0 4.3 2021/12/2 5,903
12 JVNDB-2022-000004 Label printers "TEPRA" PRO SR5900P / SR-R7900P vulnerable to insufficiently protected credentials 3.3 4.3 2022/1/13 5,770
13 JVNDB-2021-006146 Multiple vulnerabilities in KONICA MINOLTA MFPs and printing systems - 6.4 2021/12/28 5,756
14 JVNDB-2022-000003 Jimoty App for Android uses a hard-coded API key for an external service 2.1 4.0 2022/1/12 5,623
15 JVNDB-2022-000005 PASSWORD MANAGER "MIRUPASS" PW10 / PW20 missing encryption 4.9 4.6 2022/1/13 5,538
16 JVNDB-2022-000002 Multiple vulnerabilities in WordPress Plugin "Quiz And Survey Master" 4.0 5.4 2022/1/12 5,524
17 JVNDB-2016-008013 Multiple ESET products for macOS vulnerable to improper server certificate verification 4.0 4.8 2017/4/10 5,292
18 JVNDB-2022-000011 HPE Agentless Management registers unquoted service paths 6.8 8.2 2022/2/9 5,132
19 JVNDB-2022-000006 Multiple cross-site scripting vulnerabilities in php_mailform 4.3 6.1 2022/1/20 5,100
20 JVNDB-2021-004912 Multiple vulnerabilities in multiple ELECOM routers - 8.8 2021/12/2 5,072

Table 3-2 lists the top 5 most accessed vulnerability information among those reported by domestic product developers.


Table 3-2. Top 5 Most Accessed Vulnerabilities Reported by Domestic Product Developers [Jan. - Mar. 2022]
NoIDTitleCVSSv2
Base
Score
CVSSv3
Base
Score
Date
Public
Access
Count
1 JVNDB-2022-001299 Cross-site Scripting Vulnerability in JP1/IT Desktop Management 2 - - 2022/2/8 4,320
2 JVNDB-2021-004432 Multiple Vulnerabilities in JP1/Automatic Operation - - 2021/11/22 4,077
3 JVNDB-2021-003840 Cross-site Scripting Vulnerability in Hitachi Infrastructure Analytics Advisor and Hitachi Ops Center Analyzer - - 2021/11/8 3,922
4 JVNDB-2021-003660 Authentication Bypass Vulnerability in Hitachi Device Manager - - 2021/11/1 3,917
5 JVNDB-2021-002810 Information Disclosure Vulnerability in Hitachi Tuning Manager, Hitachi Infrastructure Analytics Advisor and Hitachi Ops Center Analyzer - - 2021/10/5 3,871

Note 1) Color Code for CVSSv2 Severity Rating Scale

CVSS Base Score = 0.0~3.9
Severity = Level I (Low)
CVSS Base Score = 4.0~6.9
Severity = Level II (Medium)
CVSS Base Score = 7.0~10.0
Severity = Level III (High)

Note 2) Color Code for CVSSv3 Severity Rating Scale

CVSS Base Score =
0.1~3.9
Severity = Low
CVSS Base Score =
4.0~6.9
Severity = Medium
CVSS Base Score =
7.0~8.9
Severity = High
CVSS Base Score =
9.0~10.0
Severity = Critical

Note 3) Color Code for Published Date

Published in 2020 or before Published in 2021 Published in 2022

Footnotes

(*1) Japan Vulnerability Notes: A portal for vulnerability countermeasure information including information on vendor response to the reported vulnerabilities and security support. Operated in the collaboration of IPA and JPCERT/CC.
https://jvn.jp/en/

(*2) National Vulnerability Database: A vulnerability database operated by NIST.
https://nvd.nist.gov/home.cfm

(*3) National Institute of Standards and Technology: A U.S federal agency that develops and promotes measurement, standards and technology.
https://www.nist.gov/

(*4) Vulnerability Countermeasure Guide for Software Developers
https://www.ipa.go.jp/security/vuln/report/notice/guideforvendor.html (in Japanese only )

(*5) How to Secure Your Websites
https://www.ipa.go.jp/security/vuln/websecurity.html (latest version in Japanese only )

(*6) Secure Programming Guide
https://www.ipa.go.jp/security/awareness/vendor/programming/ (in Japanese only)

(*7) AppGoat
https://www.ipa.go.jp/security/vuln/appgoat/ (in Japanese only)

(*8) IPA Data Feeds
https://jvndb.jvn.jp/ja/feed/ (in Japanese only)

(*9) IPA Technical Watch - Daily Practice Guide: Tips on Vulnerability Management
The guide gives tips on how to efficiently and efficiently collect and leverage vulnerability information.
https://www.ipa.go.jp/security/technicalwatch/20150331.html (in Japanese only)

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IT Security Center,
Information-technology Promotion Agency, Japan (ISEC/IPA)