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Vulnerability Countermeasure Information Database JVN iPedia Registration Status [2022 3rd Quarter (Jul. - Sep.)]

November 22, 2022
IT Security Center

1. 2022 3rd Quarter: Vulnerability Countermeasure Information Database JVN iPedia Registration Status

The vulnerability countermeasure information database JVN iPedia is endeavoring to become a comprehensive vulnerability database where vulnerability information is aggregated for easy access for IT users. JVN iPedia collects and/or translates the vulnerability information published by 1) domestic software developers, 2) JVN (footnote 1), a vulnerability information portal run by JPCERT/CC and IPA, and 3) NVD (footnote 2), a vulnerability database run by NIST (footnote 3). JVN iPedia has been making vulnerability information available to the public since April 25, 2007.


1-1. Vulnerabilities Registered in 2022/3Q

The summary of the vulnerability information registered to the Japanese version of JVN iPedia during the 3rd quarter of 2022 (July 1 to September 30, 2022) is shown in the table below. As of the end of September 2022, the total number of vulnerabilities stored in JVN iPedia is 148,266 (Table 1-1, Figure 1-1).

As for the JVN iPedia English version, the total number of vulnerabilities stored is 2,483 as shown in the lower half of the Table 1-1.


Table 1-1. Vulnerabilities Registered to JVN iPedia during 3rd Quarter of 2022
  Information Source Registered Cases Cumulative Cases
Japanese Version Domestic Product Developers 2 cases 266 cases
JVN 305 cases 11,654 cases
NVD 4,152 cases 136,346 cases
Total 4,459 cases 148,266 cases
English Version Domestic Product Developers 2 cases 261 cases
JVN 34 cases 2,222 cases
Total 36 cases 2,483 cases

2. Details on JVN iPedia Registered Data

2-1. Types of Vulnerabilities Reported

Figure 2-1 shows the number of vulnerabilities newly added to JVN iPedia during the 3rd quarter of 2022, sorted by the CWE vulnerability types.

The type of the vulnerabilities reported most in the 1st quarter is CWE-79 (Cross-Site Scripting) with 678 cases, followed by CWE-787 (Out-of-bounds Write) with 336, CWE-125 (Out-of-bounds Read) with 192, CWE-89 (SQL Injection) with 169, CWE-22 (Path Traversal) with 120. CWE-79 (Cross-site Scripting), the most reported vulnerability type in this quarter, could allow attackers to display false webpages and/or steal information.

Software developers need to make sure to mitigate vulnerability from the planning and design phase of software development. IPA provides tools and guidelines, such as "Vulnerability Countermeasure Guide for Software Developers"" (footnote 4), "How to Secure Your Website" (footnote 5), "Secure Programming Guide" (footnote 6) and "AppGoat" (footnote 7), a hands-on venerability learning tool, for website developers and operators to build secure websites.

2-2. Severity of Vulnerabilities Reported

Figure 2-2 shows the yearly change in the CVSSv2 rating scale based severity of vulnerabilities registered to JVN iPedia.

As for the vulnerabilities added to JVN iPedia in 2022, 19.1 percent are “Level 3” (7.0 - 10.0), 64.7 percent are “Level 2” (4.0 – 6.9) and 16.2 percent are “Level 1” (0.0 – 3.9). This means 83.8 percent of all vulnerabilities registered are Level 2 or higher, which are potentially critical enough to cause damage like information exposure or data falsification.

Figure 2-3 shows the yearly change in the CVSSv3 rating scale based severity of vulnerabilities registered to JVN iPedia.

As for the vulnerabilities added to JVN iPedia in 2022, 11.5 percent are “Critical” (9.0 – 10.0), 42.4 percent are “High” (7.0 – 8.9), 43.6 percent are “Medium” (4.0 – 6.9) and 2.4 percent are “Low” (0.1 – 3.9).

To avoid threats posed by the known vulnerabilities, both product developers and IT users should pay close attention to vulnerability disclosure and update software they use to a fixed version or apply a security patch as soon as possible when they become available. IT users can check vulnerabilities newly published on JVN iPedia in RSS and XML format (footnote 8) as well.

2-3. Types of Software Reported with Vulnerability

Figure 2-4 shows the yearly change in the type of software reported with vulnerability. Application vulnerabilities have been published most, accounting for 73.8 percent (7,793 out of 10,564) of the 2022 total.

Figure 2-5 shows the yearly change in the number of JVN iPedia-stored vulnerabilities in industrial control systems (ICS) used in critical infrastructure sectors. As of September 2022, the total of 3,747 ICS vulnerabilities have been registered.

2-4. Products Reported with Vulnerability

Table 2-1 lists the top 20 software whose vulnerabilities were most registered to JVN iPedia during the 3rd quarter (July to September) of 2022.

In this quarter, the most registered products were Qualcomm products which continued from previous quarter, with 680 cases. This is due to the registration of vulnerability information for multiple Qualcomm products which was published in 2021. In addition, OS products of Apple, Microsoft, etc. ranked from 2nd to 20th.

Besides those in the top 20 list, JVN iPedia stores and offers vulnerability information about a variety of software. IPA hopes software developers and users will make good use of JVN iPedia to efficiently check vulnerability information and take necessary action in a timely manner (footnote 9).


Table 2-1. Top 20 most registered software products vulnerability countermeasure information in JVN iPedia [Jul. – Sep. 2022]
RankCategoryProduct Name (Vendor) Number of
Vulnerabilities
Registered
1 Firmware Qualcomm component (Qualcomm) 680
2 OS macOS (Apple) 276
3 OS iOS (Apple) 248
4 OS Apple Mac OS X (Apple) 228
5 OS iPadOS (Apple) 224
6 OS Fedora (Fedora Project) 200
7 OS Debian GNU/Linux (Debian) 188
8 OS watchOS (Apple) 170
9 OS tvOS (Apple) 166
10 OS Microsoft Windows Server 2022 (Microsoft) 128
11 OS Microsoft Windows Server 2019 (Microsoft) 125
12 OS Android (Google) 121
13 OS Microsoft Windows 10 (Microsoft) 120
14 OS Microsoft Windows Server 2016 (Microsoft) 118
15 OS Microsoft Windows 11 (Microsoft) 116
16 OS Microsoft Windows Server 2012 (Microsoft) 95
17 OS Microsoft Windows Server 2008 (Microsoft) 89
18 OS Microsoft Windows 8.1 (Microsoft) 88
19 OS Microsoft Windows RT 8.1 (Microsoft) 85
20 OS Microsoft Windows Server (Microsoft) 84

3. Most Accessed Vulnerability Countermeasure Information

Table 3-1 lists the top 20 most accessed vulnerability countermeasure information in JVN iPedia during the 3rd quarter of 2022 (July to September).

In this quarter, all the ranked vulnerability countermeasure information in top 20 was published in 2022. In addition, 13 of the top 20 were vulnerabilities related to Microsoft products.


Table 3-1. Top 20 Most Accessed Vulnerability Countermeasure Information in JVN iPedia [Jul. – Sep. 2022]
NoIDTitleCVSSv2
Base
Score
CVSSv3
Base
Score
Date
Public
Access
Count
1 JVNDB-2022-000050 LiteCart vulnerable to cross-site scripting 2.6 6.1 2022/7/4 6,617
2 JVNDB-2022-000051 Multiple vulnerabilities in Cybozu Garoon 5.5 5.4 2022/7/4 5,932
3 JVNDB-2022-000052 Passage Drive vulnerable to insufficient data verification 9.3 8.6 2022/7/8 5,620
4 JVNDB-2022-000053 Django Extract and Trunc functions vulnerable to SQL injection 7.5 7.3 2022/7/12 5,615
5 JVNDB-2022-001978 Microsoft Windows Server vulnerable to remote code execution (in Japanese only) 10.0 9.8 2022/6/30 5,589
6 JVNDB-2022-002004 Multiple Microsoft Windows products vulnerable to remote code execution(in Japanese only) 6.8 8.8 2022/6/30 5,282
7 JVNDB-2022-002017 U-Boot squashfs filesystem implementation vulnerable to heap-based buffer overflow - 6.6 2022/7/14 5,256
8 JVNDB-2022-002003 Multiple Microsoft Windows products vulnerable to denial-of-service (DoS) (in Japanese only) 5.0 7.5 2022/6/30 5,251
9 JVNDB-2022-002006 Multiple Microsoft Windows products vulnerable to denial-of-service (DoS) (in Japanese only) 7.1 5.5 2022/6/30 5,249
10 JVNDB-2022-000049 HOME SPOT CUBE2 vulnerable to OS command injection 5.8 8.8 2022/6/29 5,202
11 JVNDB-2022-002007 Privilege escalation vulnerability in Microsoft Windows Server(in Japanese only) 2.1 5.3 2022/6/30 5,198
12 JVNDB-2022-001999 Multiple Microsoft Windows products vulnerable to remote code execution(in Japanese only) 5.1 7.5 2022/6/30 5,157
12 JVNDB-2022-002000 Privilege escalation vulnerability in multiple Microsoft Windows products(in Japanese only) 7.2 7.8 2022/6/30 5,157
14 JVNDB-2022-001997 Multiple Microsoft Windows products vulnerable to remote code execution(in Japanese only) 5.1 7.5 2022/6/30 5,150
15 JVNDB-2022-001974 Microsoft SQL Server vulnerable to remote code execution(in Japanese only) 6.0 7.5 2022/6/30 5,140
16 JVNDB-2022-002002 Privilege escalation vulnerability in multiple Microsoft Windows products (in Japanese only) 4.4 7.0 2022/6/30 5,132
17 JVNDB-2022-002001 Privilege escalation vulnerability in multiple Microsoft Windows products (in Japanese only) 6.8 8.1 2022/6/30 5,125
18 JVNDB-2022-001998 Multiple Microsoft Windows products vulnerable to remote code execution (in Japanese only) 6.0 8.1 2022/6/30 5,122
19 JVNDB-2022-002005 Microsoft SharePoint Server vulnerable to remote code execution (in Japanese only) 6.5 8.8 2022/6/30 5,082
20 JVNDB-2021-010460 Improper input validation in FreeRDP (in Japanese only) 7.5 9.8 2022/7/1 5,065

Table 3-2 lists the top 5 most accessed vulnerability information among those reported by domestic product developers.


Table 3-2. Top 5 Most Accessed Vulnerabilities Reported by Domestic Product Developers [Jul. - Sep. 2022]
NoIDTitleCVSSv2
Base
Score
CVSSv3
Base
Score
Date
Public
Access
Count
1 JVNDB-2022-002143 Information Disclosure Vulnerability in Hitachi Automation Director and Hitachi Ops Center Automator - - 2022/8/1 3,657
2 JVNDB-2022-001299 Cross-site Scripting Vulnerability in JP1/IT Desktop Management 2 - - 2022/2/8 3,516
3 JVNDB-2022-001382 File Permission Vulnerability in Hitachi Command Suite - - 2022/3/7 3,430
4 JVNDB-2022-001383 Directory Permission Vulnerability in Hitachi Ops Center Viewpoint - - 2022/3/7 3,402
5 JVNDB-2021-004432 Multiple Vulnerabilities in JP1/Automatic Operation - - 2021/11/22 3,366

Note 1) Color Code for CVSSv2 Severity Rating Scale

CVSS Base Score = 0.0~3.9
Severity = Level 1 (Low)
CVSS Base Score = 4.0~6.9
Severity = Level 2 (Medium)
CVSS Base Score = 7.0~10.0
Severity = Level 3 (High)

Note 2) Color Code for CVSSv3 Severity Rating Scale

CVSS Base Score =
0.1~3.9
Severity = Low
CVSS Base Score =
4.0~6.9
Severity = Medium
CVSS Base Score =
7.0~8.9
Severity = High
CVSS Base Score =
9.0~10.0
Severity = Critical

Note 3) Color Code for Published Date

Published in 2020 or before Published in 2021 Published in 2022

Footnotes

(1) Japan Vulnerability Notes: A portal for vulnerability countermeasure information including information on vendor response to the reported vulnerabilities and security support. Operated in the collaboration of IPA and JPCERT/CC.

(2) National Vulnerability Database: A vulnerability database operated by NIST.

(3) National Institute of Standards and Technology: A U.S federal agency that develops and promotes measurement, standards and technology.

(4) Vulnerability Countermeasure Guide for Software Developers (in Japanese only )

(5) How to Secure Your Websites (latest version in Japanese only )

(6) Secure Programming Guide (in Japanese only)

(7) AppGoat (in Japanese only)

(8) IPA Data Feeds (in Japanese only)

(9) IPA Technical Watch - Daily Practice Guide (in Japanese only): Tips on Vulnerability Management
The guide gives tips on how to efficiently and efficiently collect and leverage vulnerability information.

Past Quarterly Reports

Contact

IT Security Center,
Information-technology Promotion Agency, Japan (ISEC/IPA)